34The essential aspects of the convention have remained unchanged. However, some problems had become apparent. Discussions at the second UNCTAD conference in New Delhi (February 1 to March 29, 1968) led EEC countries to accept the principle of a system of generalized preferences for developing countries. Under this programme, developing country exports would benefit from easier access to the common market (within a predetermined quota and with a few exceptions). But how can the association agreement be reconciled with the new system that has been developed? The Germans and the Dutch felt that the new agreement should have paved the way for the transition to a regime in favour of all third world countries. They continued to defend the idea of a Community development aid policy based on a comprehensive approach. Indeed, French-speaking Africa has never been a priority for the Netherlands and West Germany, which had much greater links with African English-speaking countries and with Asia and Latin America25. , which stipulated that the new agreement would not impede the entry into force of an agreement. Widespread preference system. 33The decision to give Yaounde priority over the Arusha agreement was particularly important, given that negotiations were under way for the renewal of the Association Agreement. After officially starting in December 1968, negotiations were concluded at the end of June of the following year. 42 As far as the EDF is concerned, France won the most bids.

French companies that have long established in African regions have had a considerable advantage over their European competitors. By the end of 1966, bets and Bonn, after contributing the same amount, had secured 43.85% and 9.14% respectively. In the mid-1960s, an agreement was reached between Paris and Bonn to encourage French companies to join forces with German companies to enable the Federal Republic to recover a larger percentage of the funds invested in the EDF. 25 In the 1960s, the ERC continued to develop relations with associated African countries. At the end of 1963, Nigeria called for negotiations for an association agreement with the ERC.