The cheese agreement between the United States and Mexico. (PDF, 3 pages, 0.01 MB) Trade policy is a subject that does not necessarily come to mind when you think of the FDA. But in fact, there are two reasons why the FDA is closely following trade policy: protecting our rules and authorities and using trade agreements as a vehicle to promote public health. In addition to the original NAFTA provisions, the USMCA borrows significant credits under the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade agreements and the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP). On April 3, 2020, Mexico announced its willingness to implement the agreement and joined Canada.  The agreement came into force on July 1, 2020.     Get answers to the most frequently asked questions about the agreement. Download The system can no longer be used in disputes between the United States and Canada and is limited to disagreements between Mexico and the United States over a limited range of industries, including petrochemicals, telecommunications, infrastructure and power generation. USMCA countries must comply with IMF standards to avoid exchange rate manipulation. The agreement requires disclosure of market interventions.
The IMF may be summoned as an arbitrator if the parties argue.  In addition to its work with the WTO, the United States has concluded trade agreements with 20 countries that cover a number of issues, ranging from tariffs on goods and access to the agricultural market to intellectual property and the environment. For the FDA, the specific themes are chapters of agreements on regulatory issues such as SPS measures, OBTs and good regulatory practices – as well as sector chapters on cosmetics, medical devices and drugs, if any. The FDA helps develop negotiation proposals in the United States and the FDA is actively involved in trade negotiations with U.S. trading partners. On December 12, 2019, the Mexican Senate adopted the revised treaty by 107 votes to 1.  On April 3, 2020, Mexico announced its readiness to implement the agreement and joined Canada, although it requested that its auto industry have additional time to comply with the agreement.  On June 1, 2020, the USTR Office issued the uniform rules, the last hurdle before the implementation of the agreement on July 1, 2020. The “Environment” chapter contains the most comprehensive environmental commitments applicable to a previous U.S. agreement, including obligations to combat trade in wild plants, wood and fish; Strengthen law enforcement networks to curb human trafficking; and address pressing environmental issues, such as air quality and marine waste. On May 30, U.S.
Trade Representative Robert E. Lighthizer presented Congress with a draft declaration on the administrative steps needed to implement the U.S.-Mexico Agreement (USMCA and the new NAFTA), in accordance with the 2015 Presidential Trade Promotion (TPA) Administrative Action Statement. The project will allow congress to be presented to Congress, after 30 days, on June 29, a law to implement the USMCA. In a letter to House of Representatives critic Nancy Pelosi and Kevin McCarthy, the minority leader of the House of Representatives, republicans, Lighthizer said the USMCA is the gold standard of U.S. trade policy by modernizing U.S. trade, intellectual property and competitive services and creating a level playing field for the United States.